Monday, April 21, 2014

Bengali Hindus must use watershed Lok Sabha Election, 2014 sagaciously

Failure to cost their survival

They are international to the core and also known for their humane values. They have been torchbearers of two Renaissances, have generated myriad scholars, educationists, political leaders of high repute. Their contribution to the saga of national freedom struggle is second to none and still, their glorious ancestors who sacrificed all to break the shackles of slavery to British Empire are venerated highly by others. They have been extremely large in philosophy while extremely narrow and also rudderless in real politiks. They have the intellect of a Greek but grit of a rabbit, as per British evaluation, though this estimation has always been confronted too. How are they now? The community is just staggering and also groping in darkness. While a significant portion of this community is on the verge of extinction in the neighboring country, in its home state (yet) its religious-linguistic identity is at stake. How can this be defined? An Irony of Fate! It is hard to believe that the community that has brought forth two national anthems for India and Bangladesh along with a national song for India can stoop so low. Perhaps you have got the message. Bengali Hindus are being talked about, a community known and also revered for its intellectual caliber and innovative notions once, is completely wretched now.

Though the rot had already set in with the effectuation of Government of India Act, 1935, as a heartrending consequence of the partition of India in 1947 on religious basis, Bengali Hindus lost their predominance. While they turned into a second-grade community overnight and mostly unwarranted in (then) East Pakistan, the major portion of them opted for the Indian state of West Bengal to evade the Islamic onslaught. By now, Bengali Hindus, thanks to recurrent persecutions including genocides through decades, form a mere 9% of Bangladeshi populace, its clout is on the wane in Bengal too. Several factors are culpable but for each of them they have to upbraid themselves only. Bengali Hindus tried to form a rosy morning counting on alien Marxian concepts that made them more interested in violation of Right to Work or work stoppages. The culmination is indeed severe – the creamy layer of the community or educated, enlightened elites ended abruptly to set up a revolutionary social system abiding by Mao Zedong. And this ordeal refuses to end yet. Well, there was a marginal relief from economic stagnation during the 34-year old Left rule and even if political tensions marred their lives somewhat, there was no major communal outbreak. Nevertheless, the same ruling clique got instrumental in changing Bengal’s demography by bringing in Muslims from Bangladesh increasingly to fortify vote bank that ruined Hindus utterly.

Hindu persecution at Deganga in 2010 exposed the reality and also the status of Bengali Hindus in their own state and the following years have witnessed mounting Hindu persecutions only. Islamists, backed by political forces, are engaged in a festival to pillage and destruct Hindus in each capacity. Not a single day passes when Hindu anguishes remain unheard and the administration prefers to retain weird silence. And if this continues, an all-out competition between rates of Hindu persecution in Bengal and Bangladesh will burst out.

There is only one way for Bengali Hindus to evade this inevitable or impending disaster – it is to use the watershed Lok Sabha Election, 2014 and cast their votes sagaciously. All ideologies have been ascertained and found to be disastrous for them. If they want to live, save their kith and kin, get connected to the Indian mainstream and restore their glory, it is the time for Bengali Hindus to act in strength. Failure will cost them their own existence, indubitably.




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.


Hindus in Bengal steadfast to conquer Love Jihad

After lots of frustrations, this is indeed a great achievement – fresh news of triumph and all credit go to the Hindu Samhati activists and their tireless efforts to recover Priya Mandal (age 14), who became victim of Love Jihad or the malice set to ravage Hindu girls through the venomous spell of love. On the word of locals inhabiting South Bishnupur within the Mandirbazar police station’s jurisdiction in the district of South 24 Paraganas, adolescent Priya Mandal (name changed) was abducted on April 13, 2014 from her residence there. She was kidnapped by Sagir Sheikh, mechanic in a local motor garage, who feigned that he loved her a lot. Sagir Sheikh lives in the village of Gilerchat within the Raydighi police station’s jurisdiction. Even after lots of searches in the vicinity, her parents failed to get her and filed an official complaint to the local police station.

Being acquainted with the fast worsening law and order in Bengal and also the role of police plus rising placation of Islamists, Priya’s family members lost no time to contact the local activists of Hindu Samhati. The investigation was kicked off soon and thanks to their persistent endeavors, the case ended with a thumping victory. Hindu Amati’s activists got hold of Sagir Sheikh fast and compelled him to spell out the new address of Priya Mandal. Soon, she was recovered from Taki Road and handed over to the local police station. When Priya was presented to the Diamond Harbor Court, she expressed how Sagir Sheikh abducted her by force. While the Hon’ble Court granted Priya to move to her parent’s residence, Sagir Sheikh became victim to mob fury and he was admitted to a local hospital with lots of injuries. According to Rajkumar Sardar, local HS activist, Love Jihad has been expanding in the realm of Mandirbazar by leaps and bounds for the last few years. Albeit, it was termed as a mere love affair by Hindus initially and hence, was brushed off, fast changing reality has forced them to get cautious. The recovery of Priya Mandal, tough penalization of Sagir Sheikh evidences the changing Hindu consciousness, as per Rajkumar Sardar.    

However, there can’t be any complacency in any way. Love Jihad in Bengal is a cruel reality and is being found everywhere in the state ever more. Hundreds of Hindu girls have already been lost; recovery of Priya Mandal has created a history, in that case. Who can forget the episode of Sarmistha Sarkar? These days, Love Jihad is taking place overtly, by bullying the Hindu family in public. This approach came forth on March 21, 2014, in Howrah when Sarmistha Sarkar (age 16 yrs), student of Class VIII in Dharsha Prahlad Das Girls’ School at Dharsha Kajipara in Howrah, was abducted by Becha Mallik, age 45 and a Muslim Black Magician by profession. Sarmistha is the daughter of Swapan Sarkar and Lakshmi Sarkar, living in Satashi Uttarpara, GIP Colony within the jurisdiction of Jagachia police station in Howrah district.

Love Jihad is a heinous conspiracy to fortify Islamic fundamentalism; it has got to be stamped down to save Hindu girls.





Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.


Friday, April 18, 2014

Recurrent communal clashes shudder Kakdwip, South 24 Paraganas

Police apprehends more sinister outcome

Communal clashes in succession have shivered Kakdwip in the district of South 24 Paraganas lock, stock and barrel and if worst apprehensions of administration get true, the area is going to be the hotbed of mounting Hindu-Muslim clashes harrying the whole of Bengal already.  The trouble started on April 14, 2014 at the Kacharibari Shivmandir premises within the Kakdwip police station’s jurisdiction at 10 pm when Hindus in the area following the Charak Puja organized a dance competition. The contest earned attraction of Hindu girls and women and they, as expected, lost no time to take part in it. All of a sudden, a group of Muslim youths was found to hurl sexually explicit remarks at them. Even if they were ignored initially, one Muslim youth stepped forward and tore off a child dancer’s blouse that led to a ruckus. Members of the Shiva Puja Committee asked the Muslim youths to go away immediately.  The Muslim youths retreated and tension died down.

Albeit Hindus in the area hoped that the problem ended with it, later developments proved otherwise. The next center of activity was the village of Badakhali adjacent to the Kacharibari village. On April 15, at 9.30 pm, at the premises of Badakhali Shivmandir, a social gathering to observe Charak Puja took place and even a notable orchestra was also invited. While the celebration was in full swing, a group of Muslim youths, no less than 15 in numbers, turned up there. Soon, they were found to drink hard liquor and taunt Hindu women. At this time too Hindus informed the organizing committee there and hence, Muslim youths were asked to leave the place to avert any untoward incident. But at this time, Muslim youths, instead of moving out threatened Hindus. They also hurled a few bottles to them irately. This unruly behavior led to a violent clash between the two groups and Islamists, after being beaten hollow, had to retreat.

Within a few minutes, Islamists from other areas were phoned and soon an outfit comprising dreaded criminals like Murshed Ali, Sheikh Juli, Sheikh Gunda and others were formed to avenge the insult. It was 11.30 pm when the outfit appeared at the fringe of Badakhali and once Islamists turned up, they got hold of Swapan Kori (age 48). Swapan inhabits the same village and is also a local leader of the Trinamool Congress. He was returning from the market in close proximity, then but terming him as the mastermind behind the insult of Islamists, the group chased him. Soon Swapan was grabbed, forced to get nude and was also pushed into a pond. The sole intention of the group was to murder Swapan brutally so as to avenge the insult and teach Hindus a lesson. But Swapan was lucky enough to hoodwink them and run away. Islamists went after him yet again. Once Swapan reached near the Badakhali Shivmandir, he raised an alarm. Witnessing his cry of pain, condition and also the Islamists behind him, the celebration was stopped and Hindus were asked to rise to the assailants. The virulent mob pounced down on the entire team, got hold of 4 Islamists and thrashed them mercilessly.

Later on, police was telephoned who ultimately rescued the four heavily injured youths and also took them into custody. A meeting was organized on the next day, under the sway of local administration, to restore communal harmony. Both Muslims and Hindus including Swapan Kori attended the meeting. After hours of discussions, all arrested Muslim youths were released. But the situation is yet to normalize; tension and mutual distrust reign the area still.




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.


Thursday, April 17, 2014

Abduction, rape of Hindu girls - most favored sport of Islamists in Bangladesh

Hindu girls are vanishing in Bangladesh fast. This malice is not limited to any particular district but has become a common affair across the country by now while the administration prefers to enjoy wailing of Hindus from a safe distance.  Maloti Rani, a 13-year old Hindu girl and also a student of Class VII at the Bisbari Ebatonnesa Girls’ High School, living in the district of Lalmonirhat in the Rangpur division of Bangladesh has become the latest victim. It has come to knowledge that Maloti was on her way to attend the Ashtamisnan (religious bathing) festival on April 7, 2014 and she was kidnapped by a group of Islamists then.

Maloti Rani is the daughter of Jagadish Chandra Ram, a Hindu individual living in the village of Durakuti of Mogolhat Union within the Lalmonirhat sub-district headquarter in the district of Lalmonirhat for decades., Maloti was not alone on Monday morning; she was accompanied by her younger sister or Jaymoni Rani (age 11) while moving to the festival held on the bank of Ratnai river in the village. As soon as Maloti was abducted by the group of Islamists following them sneakily, Jaymoni rushed to her home to inform her parents. Even if Jagadish reached the very spot with his neighbors within a few minutes, none could be spotted. He was convinced that the abductor was none except Ismail, son of Abdul Hamid of Shalmara village of Aditmari sub-district who had been hassling her little daughter for the past one year.  He filed a case at the Lalmonirhat Sadar police station on April 9 in the night against the group of Islamists comprising Ismail and three other unidentified men. Police, after initial investigations, has accepted veracity of the complaint.   

On the word of Maloti’s mournful parents, Ismail had been harassing their girl for the last one year and even if they protested, the torment went on. And in the last two weeks prior to abduction, Ismail threatened to kidnap their daughter. He had also stated that any complaint to the police would generate dire consequences for the entire family. Even if the Officer-in-charge of local police station assured Maloti’s parents of recovering her soon, she is yet to be found.     

Can these wise assurances of Bangladeshi police be depended on? If experiences of minority and hapless Hindus are looked into, there is no end to this tragedy. Every time a Hindu girl is abducted or raped, the administration pledges to adopt tough measures to nab the criminals. And the sworn measures fail to materialize consistently.

On March 2, 2014, Jyotsna (age 22), a minority Hindu woman was raped by Islamists at the sub-district headquarter of Saturia in the district of Manikgunj. Failing to have any justice in the rural court, she committed suicide out of disgust. Police has not adopted any measure against Mujibur Rahman, the main rapist and his accomplices.

On February 28, 2014, Lila Bhakta (age 12), minority Hindu girl student of Class IV inhabiting the village of Mandra within the sub-district of Kotali Para in the district of Gopalgunj, was both abducted and gang raped by a few Islamists led by Sohag Sheikh, son of Seku Sheikh of the neighboring village. She was returning from school then. Lila was admitted to a local hospital in a critical condition. No culprit has been arrested yet.




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.
  

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Hindus wrecked in Bagchi Jamsherpur, Nadia

Radical Muslim mob stops Charak Puja; burn down houses, injure Hindus  

While the Election Commission is found to apprehend only that utmost violence may mar the Parliamentary Election, 2014 in Bengal, ferocity has already set in but through soaring communal clashes at this time. On April 14, 2014, the village of Bagchi Jamsherpur within the Hogolberia police station’s jurisdiction in the district of Nadia experienced attack by a group of radical Muslims inhabiting the vicinity. The sole aim of the group was to stop the Charak Puja in the village of Bagchi Jamsherpur and also to rip financial benefits from Hindus living in the village. It was learnt, later, the attack had been designed weeks before and more than hundreds of Islamists from the neighborhood formed the group. The Puja was forestalled and Hindus suffered in every possible manner.

According to the villagers, the whole village remains elated (on every year) regarding Gajan at this time and the Puja is conducted by the Bagchi Trustee Board. The same Board owns the Hitosadhani land that amounts to 1.5 bigha. While 9% of it has already been donated to the village Panchayat, Hindus do carry out their religious practices in the remaining part of land. Different forms of Puja have been taking place here for the last 200 years without interruption and a permanent podium to worship Devi Kali also exists in it. Villagers assert that Islamists have been demanding half of the land unreasonably and due to the tacit support of local political parties, the demand is intensifying more and more.

On April 14, 2014, at 6 pm, a large group of radical Muslims entered the village of Bagchi Jamsherpur all of a sudden and asked Hindus to stop the Charak Puja. When they were asked by Hindus of the reason behind such a weird demand, they termed it as awful to Islamic values. This single comment was enough to enrage Hindus that led to a wild brawl between the two groups. Both groups were joined by their coreligionists in large numbers within minutes; Hindus of the village were unanimous to drive out Islamists while Islamists from the neighborhood and also from Murshidabad became vanguards. To quell the wild clashes and also any chance of using weapons, a large police team reached the spot soon. But what happened next remains incomprehensible yet. Despite the presence of higher officials including SDO and SDPO, the Muslim mob attacked the Hindu village with bombs and pistols and five houses of Hindus were burnt down also. The large police team remained silent instead of hindering the Muslim arsonists. Two Hindus got injured, hence, and while one of them is admitted at the Shaktinagar hospital in Krishnanagar, the other one is in a critical condition at Nilratan Sarkar Medical College in Kolkata. Some people have stated that even if police tried to rein in the Islamic savagery, they failed ultimately and fled. The Additional District Magistrate (ADM) visited the village at 11.30 pm to take stock of the situation but his visit couldn’t deter police from arresting 3 Hindus villagers incriminated to vitiate the atmosphere at 3.30 am on April 15. No case has been registered in the police station officially yet.




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.


Hindus overwhelm vicious designs to halt Kali Puja in Jangipara, Hooghly

Defiance rout police and Islamists

The obscure village of Bhimpur within the Jangipara police station’s jurisdiction in the district of Hooghly celebrates the Shamsankali Puja (an incarnation of Devi Kali) on every year with splendor. The religious worship attracts Hindus from other neighboring villages also and truly, no opportunity is lost ever to make the celebration more elegant.  With all these ends in view, Hindu youths of Bhimpur were bringing the deity to the village on April 2, 2014. A procession was formed in this regard joined by people from different walks of life.  Nothing but elation prevailed the procession till it appeared at Furfuratala Muslim graveyard. Once the procession reached the spot, they were prevented by a team of police and Muslims.

Hindus were asked to maintain silence, switch off microphones and were also warned that any attempt to burst crackers would land them in jail. The obstruction stunned Hindus initially but soon they retrieved and asked the police of reasons behind such a measure. Processions had entered the village elatedly and while bursting crackers in the last year too. And there were no communal clashes that could propel the administration to adopt such a tough measure.  When such questions were bombarded at the police, the team was found to grope for a suitable answer. And all these proved that there was no order but the police was acting thus to placate Islamists in the neighborhood evidencing the truth of Indian brand of secularism yet again. Hindus inhabiting the village of Bhimpur defied the diktat and went on with the procession.  Police had no other option other than to retreat.   It has come to knowledge that Taha Siddique, Pirzada of Furfura Sharif, masterminded the malicious endeavor and even instructed police to do everything needful to smash up moral fiber of Hindus living in the village of Bhimpur.  Police acted likewise through attempting to forestall the procession to the village but following ignominious retreat of administration, Pirzada preferred to retain silence.

But this is no new phenomenon amid Jangipara. There has been no paucity of endeavors to subjugate Hindus inhabiting here and whether it is 2009 or 2011 or even the recent past, Hindus have to live counting on their own virility and no other agency including administration.   On 15th November, 2009, the victory procession of Trinomool Congress involving confrontational slogans of Islamists ended finally with the persecution of Hindus in the villages of Borhol, Khurigachi, Nikash, Dilkhash. While the majority of Hindu houses were ransacked by Islamists in the procession, more than a few Hindu shops were razed to the ground as well. The political procession had its origin in the villages of Sufijangal and Bahana, inhabited by Muslims majorly. The year 2011 perceived several efforts of Islamists to change the local Idgah to a mosque; the entire process heightened religious schism scaring peaceful Hindus a lot. Had not Hindus acted unanimously, the entire development would have been ominous for them. There is no doubt that construction of an Islamic religious institution in close proximity scares Hindus lots and this fact is surely not unfounded.        

No difference was perceived on March 6, 2014 too when the Baruipara railway station in the Howrah-Burdwan chord line section, situated close to Jangipara became casualty to a mayhem caused by a radical Muslim pilgrims (joined by hundreds shortly) to Furfura Sharif.




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.



Did Nehru Betray Netaji?

Did Nehru Order a "Supari" (Contract Killing) of His Political Rival "Netaji" Subhas Chandra Bose inside Stalin's prison? 

One of the most painful episodes of India's post-colonialist history is the devious disappearance of the great patriot Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. Several lingering questions remain in the hearts and minds of Indian people, because the circumstances surrounding the death of this fearless Bengali revolutionary seems murky by any investigative standards.

After faking a plane-crash to throw his British pursuers, did Netaji escape to Soviet Russia only to be imprisoned and subsequently killed by suffocation (with a plastic bag wrapped over his head)? 

Did Nehru order Netaji's killing in Soviet custody with a quid-pro-quo that India would become a Soviet-leaning socialist country under his rule? 

As a consequence, were Nehru and his dynastic successors (daughter Indira, grandson Rajiv, grand daughter-in-law Sonia and great-grandson Rahul) blackmailed by the Soviet Intelligence Agency (KGB) and their allegiance purchased to keep this dark secret hidden for the past 60+ years?

Have all the classified files relating to Netaji's death been destroyed by subsequent Congress/UPA regimes to cover up these unpardonable crimes of the Nehruvian family?

Did the Soviets remove the remaining stumbling block by poisoning the next Indian Prime Minister Sri Lal Bahadur Shastri during the Tashkent Conference (1965) so they could continue to prop up Nehru's clan - first Indira, then Rajiv (who became successive prime ministers) while continuing to get blackmailed into submission by the KGB and controlled further by foreign powers ?

The Patriotic Bharat Has High Hopes that Sri Narendra Modi, if elected to become India's Prime Minister in 2014, will shed light on this unforgivable treachery that altered India's history forever.

We hope that Sri Narendra Modi's government can come out fearlessly with the truth and answer the following question that is becoming prominent on the internet - "Did Nehru Betray Netaji?".


Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Shubho Nobo Borsho To All Hindu Brothers & Sisters from Hindu Samhati


Gajan festival demolished in Mandirbzar, South 24 Paraganas

Islamist onslaughts rampant; Hindus not dispirited but defiant 

Gajan Utsav (festival) in Bengal happens to be a traditional dance coupled with songs to venerate Lord Shiva during Chaitra or the last month of Bengali calendar and this has been going for centuries. But radical Muslims are no more ready to let it go; the village of Bodokania within the jurisdiction of Mandirbazar police station in the district of South 24 Paraganas had its wrath on April 12. It was at 9 pm when a few Hindu youths in Bodokania came across a group of Muslim youths beside the village’s thoroughfare drinking hard liquor and also using marijuana. Since it was near to the Gajan Utsav of 150 years old, Hindus asked them to leave which was denied instantly. Two Hindu youths, in response, were slapped as well leading to exchanges of both words and blows between the two groups.  Within a few minutes, Muslims in large numbers from the nearby village of Banshidharpur Haldarpara turned up making Hindus there a minuscule minority. This large gathering lost no time to smash up the Hindu youths and albeit, the youths managed to escape, they were chased by Islamists in large numbers. Gajan Utsav came to a halt.

A bomb was hurled at this time to foil the Hindu celebration but it was avenged by another bomb and a good number of people, both Hindus and Muslims, got injured. According to locals, two Hindus along with seven Muslims were harmed grievously. This series of attacks attracted more Islamists to take part in the onslaught. Suddenly, the electricity was cut off and the entire area plunged into darkness. Triumphs in war depends on exploiting abrupt developments perfectly and true to form, Islamists beefed up attacks then through using lethal weapons including firearms, bombs but Hindus were also in no mood to cede to them. Hence, a war of weapons let loose. Pebbles were also exchanged by the two warring communities violently. To stamp down the rising menace, a large team of police from the police station of Joynagar appeared within the next 30 minutes; they were soon followed by another contingent of police from the Mandirbazar police station. On the word of local administration, the situation (by then) was completely out of control and hence, they could do nothing except to fire tear gas at both groups and wait till the deployment of an unit of Rapid Action Force. Despite RAF’s deployment, one could hear bombings from miles away.            

None, in accordance with the latest information, has been arrested yet. But Islamists have been found to allege Pratap Naskar, Chiranjit Naskar and a few others to mastermind the entire defence. The situation is extremely tricky now; however, no further acts of violence have taken place yet thanks to the presence of police and RAF in strength in the midst of Bodokania. Hindus are having sleepless nights now as the security will be withdrawn in the next three days. What appalls them is the aggression of Islamists baying for blood of several Hindu youths including Pratap Naskar and Chiranjit Naskar. They are groping in darkness for a peaceable solution which seems to have been lost for the time being.  




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.

Monday, April 14, 2014

Death of Muslim thief initiates Islamists’ onslaughts in Ramnagar, South 24 Paraganas

Radical Muslims maim police; Hindus prepared for showdown

Weird events are being witnessed in Bengal more and more now; the chronicle of secularism or the doctrine rejecting religion and religious considerations has been twisted to the narrative of minority protagonism, especially Muslims, and myriad instances ascertain how the reigning Bengal government has become its brawniest adherent across the country.

On April 12, 2014, Shafiqul Mullah, an infamous thief in the environs of the village of Bhaduria within the Ramnagar police station’s jurisdiction in the district of South 24 Paragamas, was caught red-handed at 1 am when he along with two other accomplices attempted to foray the shop of Chiranjit Samanta. A spate of theft in the last few months had made Hindu villagers form a vigilance committee; this group succeeded to get hold of Shafiqul even if his two accomplices manged to escape. Even if he was alone, Shaifqul was found to be aggressive and also abuse Hindus which enraged all a lot. What followed next was a mob rampage leading to serious injuries of Shafiqul Mullah. Even if a team of local police station reached the spot at 5 am and took heavily injured Shafiqul Mullah to the Diamond Harbor Hospital, he was declared there as brought dead. Shafiqul was a resident of the village of Koraghata in Nainan within the jurisdiction of the same police station of Ramnagar.  

Once the news of Shafiqul’s death reached his residential village, Muslims, in large numbers, resolved to attack both Hindu and local administration. With this end in view, a violent mob comprising more than thousands of radical Muslims attacked the police station of Ramnagar at 7 pm. Soon, the entire police station was ravaged. No police official was spared and even Tusharkanti Panja, Officer-in-Charge of the Ramnagar police station, got heavy injuries in his head. Police had to flee for the time being and could return only after the deployment of RAF (Rapid Action Force) there to quell attacks of Muslims. It has been learnt, Pravin Tripathi, Superintendent of Police, South 24 Paraganas, ordered the force to fire in necessity. As per sources, armed Islamists tried to enter the village of Bhaduria when police stopped them and all these incited them to pounce down on police as a prey.   

By now, 4 Hindus have been arrested and they include Chiranjit Samanta, Ranjit Samanta, Biswajit Mandal and Tuhin Samanta. Incidentally Tuhin Samanta happens to be father of Chiranjit and definitely was in the village at the moment when Shafiqul Mullah was taken hold of. However, Islamists inhabiting the village of Koraghata consider him as the person who masterminded the attack on Shafiqul and in demand of his arrest, they blocked the main road at Sankarpakulia on April 12 for hours throwing traffic out of gear. On the word of his relatives, Tuhin Samanta went to the Ramnagar police station to inquire about the possible release of his son. He was arrested just then.  The tension refuses to die down, meanwhile. Islamists in Koraghata are not in a mood for clemency and are baying for blood of Hindus while Hindus in the village of Ramnangar are prepared to deal with any awkward development.

Has Bengal gone into the era of civil war?



Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.


Friday, April 11, 2014

Communal clashes replacing rule of Democracy in Bengal

There is simply no end to incidents involving communal hatred in Bengal and truly, even if Hindus have been able to defend themselves at some places, they have been overwhelmed in the majority of cases brutally thanks to the soft spot of governance to minority community.    

On April 2, 2014, it was 10.30 pm at Simulberia within the jurisdiction of the police station of Dholahat in the district of South 24 Paraganas when a team turned up to implant a tube well. Even if the appearance at such a time amazed locals a lot, they preferred to remain silent as the need of another tube well especially before the formal onset of summertime was felt in the area badly. The job was unabated and then only, Rezaul, a member of the team and inebriated highly then, proceeded to the nearby house. The house belongs to Dilip Banerjee, a decent individual in the area but he was out of the town for official purpose. However, his wife and 3 children were there and at that time the whole family was sleeping in the veranda due to the scorching seat.  On the word of locals, Rezaul entered the house sneakily and to satisfy his own carnal desire, he virtually pounced down on Mrs. Banerjee and molested her. She woke up at once and raised an alarm making lots rush to her residence. Rezaul was caught red-handed and also thrashed highly. The intensity of anger even prevented his team mates from saving him. When Rezaul prayed for clemency, villagers asked him to pay Rs. 20, 000 as penalty. The amount, soon after, was negotiated at Rs. 10, 000. Rezaul agreed to pay the money by the next morning. He has not been found in Sumulberia or its environs thereafter; the fine is yet to be paid.     

On April 10, 2014, the village of Lambadarpur within the Suri police station’s jurisdiction in the district of Birbhum experienced an uncanny development though the same is becoming common in the state increasingly now. A few Muslim youths in the locality wrecked the temple of Bajrangbali at 4 pm all of a sudden and even tore off a few saffron flags collected to decorate the podium there. A few green flags were planted instead. Hindus had desired a Bajrangbali temple in the area for long and hence, this dastardly act proved to be enough to make them livid with rage.  However, Hindus didn’t act spontaneously and instead, they submitted a mass petition to the local police station at 7 pm demanding immediate arrest of the culprits. Even though the petition signed by all Hindu villagers was registered, police remained indisposed to arrest them. And this languorous stance infuriated Hindus more making them to act all alone. Within a short time, the attackers including Rakesh Sheikh, Jasim Sheikh and a few others were grabbed and beaten hollow. The situation went out of control and feeling that it could worsen more, police stepped in and arrested the Muslim youths incriminated to defile the Hindu temple. As per fresh news, local Trinamool Congress is making all efforts to release the culprits and even Hindus in the village have been requested to make a truce. Hindus in Lambadarpur are disinclined to listen to them.

Now, it is for the readers to decide whether Bengal is proceeding towards a period of uncertainty when a communally charged atmosphere and might will replace the rule of democracy.  




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.



Thursday, April 10, 2014

Basanti Puja desecrated, destructed in South Dinajpur

Islamists yet to be arrested; Hindus thrashed for protesting

 On April 9, 2014, the village of Dhalahat within the Harirampur police station’s jurisdiction in the district of Dinajpur (South) remained witness to dastardly attacks of Islamists on Basanti Puja. The Basanti Puja organized by tribal Hindus inhabiting the area for generations was smashed up while the Holy Deity was defiled and destructed and both were done by the unruly mob comprising radical Muslims. When enraged Hindus protested, they were beaten hollow by the local police evidencing how the pro-minority policy has crippled the reigning governance. Hindus were arrested in large numbers; police immersed remnants of the Deity in a nearby pond without their consent.     

According to villagers, the Basanti Puja is being observed by tribal Hindus in the village for decades, if not more, and this occasion plays a great role to assemble Hindus, cutting across all differences, under a single front. It was Dashami or last day of the Puja on 9 th April and a fair was also going on in the premises of Dhalahat Primary School as a part of the celebration. As people from all walks of life visit the fair, presence of Muslims there, hence, is no wonder. On the fateful day, at 5 pm a few Muslims were found to run a makeshift gambling casino. The endeavor was against the principle of the religious fair and so, it astonished many people who lost no time to inform the fair’s executive committee. Members of the committee went there and asked Muslim youths to stop it immediately. But the proposal was declined and it led to a fuss. Albeit there was no incitement, Islamists assailed Hindu members of the committee with lethal weapons all of a sudden making all realize that it was a premeditated design to foil the fair and also moral fiber of Hindus. The vast presence of Islamists overpowered Hindu members of the committee soon.  

The rage of Islamists spread to other directions fast and the Puja pandal turned into its sole target. After ransacking the committee’s office, radical Muslims entered the pandal in strength. The Holy Deity was defiled and then destructed by boots. No resister was left unharmed and even Hindu women were molested by the violent mob.  People who got severe injuries included Dilip Murmu (age 40), Gobinda Murmu (18), Sayla Saren (20), Falku Saren (21), Ananta Sarkar (22), Rabin Murmu (28). Women who became victims of molestation included Padamoni Hansda (age 28), Pinki Murmu (30), Saily Kisku (35). It has been learnt, Dilip Murmu is admitted in Harirampur Hospital at the moment and is in a critical condition now.

The news of murderous assault by Islamists did spread like a wild fire in the locality; remnants of the destructed Holy Deity angered Hindus most. The enraged mob comprising tribal and non-tribal Hindus started protesting and from 8 pm, they blocked Itahar – Daulatpur Road demanding immediate arrest of the felons. Even if the police of Harirampur PS was duly informed of the entire development, it steered clear of mitigating the situation. At 2 am, a large contingent of RAF along with police turned up at the spot and without any warning, they charged at the protestors to lift the blockade. Several people got inured while 11 protestors were arrested. What followed next is a gross violation of Indian legal system; without having consent of Hindus, the desecrated and destructed Holy Deity was immersed by police in the pond.   

Even if police has claimed to arrest people from both communities (Hindus are completely innocent in this case), locals confirm that no Islamist has been taken into custody yet. What’s more, Anikul Islam, s/o, Anisur, Sadikul Islam, s/o, Anisur, Minarul Islam, s/o, Thamba Islam, all resident of Manohara Dangapara who allegedly led the assault have been found to roam freely.




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.

Wednesday, April 9, 2014

Hindus in Deganga fear a new onslaught

While Bengal is gaga of Lok Sabha Election, 2014 and candidates refuse to lose a single opportunity to pick antagonists, Hindus in Deganga in the district of 24 Paraganas (North) are having vicious experiences and if locals are reckoned, such an ominous atmosphere sprang prior to the Hindu persecution in 2010. The intensity of onslaught in September, 2010 was such that security agencies including State Police along with Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Rapid Action Force (RAF), Border Security Force (BSF) failed to quell the Hindu persecution led by Islamists. And had not the Indian Army been deployed, it would have been impossible to thwart racial extermination of Hindus at that time. What’s happening now?

On April 7, 2014, at 8 am, Ranjit Dey (age 30) living in Kalapole within the jurisdiction of police station of Deganga was proceeding to the Badar bus stand in his own motor van. While moving to the bus stand, he had a brief altercation with Noor Islam, living in the vicinity, on petty issues. However, it ended soon and Ranjit, following his job, returned to his residence. But Noor Islam declined to forget the wrangle and to avenge it, he raided Ranjit’s residence at 2.30 pm. Noor was not alone; 20 Muslims in seven motorbikes and with lethal weapons accompanied him. His house was ransacked and two women of his household namely Swati Dey and Shibani Dey were both manhandled and molested. Nonetheless, as per locals, both women were raped by the group. Local Hindus rushed to the spot, once Ranjit raised an alarm and also seized 3 Islamists along with 3 bikes. They also phoned the Deganga police station to rein in the situation but before policemen turned up, a team of local Trinamool Congress appeared there and assuring Hindus of justice, freed the 3 Islamists. Police tuned up later on and seized the 3 motorbikes only. It has been learnt, the TMC team had assured of rendering compensation to the harmed Hindu family but there has been no such development yet. The Hindu family, at the moment, is groping in darkness and also for ways to have the desired justice.   

On April 6, Abdul Mannan, inhabiting the village of Bhasliya within Deganga police station’s jurisdiction  wounded family members of his neighbor Rabin Sadhukhan savagely. It has come to knowledge, Abdul, these days, possess a land of 15 bighas that belonged to a Hindu individual named Naren Mallik a few years back. Following the wave of anti-Hindu riots in 2010, Naren Mallik decided to abandon Deganga and move elsewhere. With this end in view, he sold his vast land worth 15 bighas including a residence, Hindu temple and a tract of barren land to Abdul Mannan at an abysmally low rate. Now, on the fateful day, Abdul Mannan stole a drumstick tree from the kitchen garden in Rabin’s residence. He was caught red-handed and the act was also resented by both Rabin’s mother and wife. The resentment enraged Abdul and within minutes, he attacked both Hindu women and ended through lopping off the elderly woman’s left hand by a chopper. Hearing his wife’s desperate call for help, Rabin rushed to his house. Then, Abdul attacked him also and Rabin suffered a heavy injury on his head. Soon, local Hindus grabbed Abdul Mannan and thrashed him heavily. Later on, he was handed over to the local police station. An FIR (First Information Report) – No. 194 dated April 6, 2014 was also filed against him. But, at the moment, Abdul is missing. It is not known yet whether police contrived his escape.

On April 7 and 8, an Islamic Jalsa (soiree) took place before the Radha Krishna temple at the Deganga market where all speakers were witnessed to vent diatribes against Hindus. All these developments, it is reported, are scaring Hindus a lot and they are apprehending the worst now.



Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.



Tuesday, April 8, 2014

Diabolical intentions to deceive Hindus prevail Bengal

The stage was all set and with the election commission’s promulgation of Lok Sabha Election, 2014, political parties, with exception to none, have initiated their quest to clutch New Delhi, both capital and final seat of power in India.  It is no more a secret that the parliamentary election will take place through 5 phases in the state of Bengal and only after May 16 (the date of counting) the destiny will get apparent. As a result, it’s the time for any political party or candidate to overwhelm rivals no matter what it takes. The saga has commenced in Bengal as well but it seems that there is one objective here and it is to attain the blessings of minority community, especially Muslims. No stone, in this respect, is left unturned to have Islamic approval and almost every day, candidates along with their political bosses are witnessed to visit Imams or mazars.  A few political pundits have termed this as worst instance of brazenness. But there is no sane brain to listen to this erudition that can preclude insidious fallouts.

It is no wonder that CPIM and reigning Trinamool Congress are abiding by this saga of weird secularism. But BJP is also adopting this endeavor fast and its parliamentary candidates have already been witnessed to seek succor from Muslim religious leaders.  What an irony! BJP is considered both as precursor and custodian of Hindus in India. And the principal parties in the state including Trinamool Congress, CPIM and Congress never miss an opportunity to dub BJP as a Hindu communal outfit. There is an old adage – whenver a Hindu consumes beef, he gets more anti-Hindu than a common Islamist. BJP is also in the same category now, it sounds as if.

This burgeoning trend of placating Muslims all the time is leading to a destruction altogether and no political party is ready to comprehend this cruel truth. None is also unaware that any such development will harm Hindus ultimately. The situation was out of the frying pan and now it is going to be into the fire thanks to enterprises of Rezzaq Mollah to change Bengal’s political scenario through his own novel Dalit-Muslim axis. This is a heinous conspiracy only and the sole aim is to destruct Hindus. It may be unknown to the readers but such a movement had sprung during the tumultuous days of partition of the Indian subcontinent in 1947 too. The same Dalit-Muslim axis had become the greatest obstacle to Hindu unity then and had Hindus remained united, they wouldn’t have to relinquish their ancestral lands in (then) East Bengal and enter West Bengal in their thousands.    

The same sinister approach is prevailing Bengal’s political spectrum after several decades; Rezzaq Mollah is hell-bent to make his dream project of alliance between Dalit Hindus and Muslims a great success. Once this outfit gets powerful, Hindus will have to abandon Bengal en masse. Following it, the state will be removed from India and will be attached to Bangladesh. As soon as this diabolical endeavor becomes triumphant, Dalit Hindus will be kicked out from this new Islamic territory. Thus, there will be repetition of Barisal genocide of 1949-50. It is worth remembering, the self-claimed custodian of Dalit Hindus or Jogen Mandal had to flee then East Pakistan as pauper. Later on, this crestfallen leader accepted that there can’t be any unity between Muslims and Hindus ever. The same theory has come forth through Mollah now and the year is 2014 instead of 1947.  

Political parties are devoid of any time to heed all these. When the lust of money and power prevails, patriotism as well as honesty becomes synonymous to laughingstocks. Aren’t Hindus responsible for this deplorable condition too? Hindu society is bootless and this has been proved time and again. If 36 Hindus assemble at any table even, six ideologies will come forth and these diverging views are enough to raze the notion of Hindu vote bank. The absence of a brawny, influential Hindu vote bank encourages all to placate Muslims. It is high time to erect a Hindu vote bank both in Bengal and India.   

What’s the duty of Hindu Samhati’s activists in the parliamentary election? They have been asked to steer clear of supporting any particular political party and to opt for candidates having zeal to better situations for Hindus.



Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.



Monday, April 7, 2014

More Islamists caught red-handed with hoards of illegal firearms

Apprehensions that the Lok Sabha election, 2014 and the (fast) vicious developments can lead to a communal outburst in Bengal are no more unlikely and with day it passes, such a development is getting apparent ever more. The reason behind such discernment is also simple – exploiting administration’s lassitude the whole of Bengal has been turned into the greatest repository of illegal arms and ammunitions in the country by radical Muslim outfits and their local henchmen. And each new breakthrough endangers the society. On April 5, the team of Special Staff Port Division (SSPD) had a major success in the port area of Kolkata when they arrested three Islamists red-handed and clutched 1 single shutter gun, 4 cartridges, 6 bombs and 2 choppers from them.

On the word of police, they had a tip-off of an illegal arms transaction and to cop felons red-handed, a team was present there already. Once two motorbikes reached the spot, policemen charged but one vehicle with two riders on it succeeded to break out. Nevertheless, three riders of the bike seized were arrested soon. They included Moinuddin Khan alias Raju (age 32), Sheikh Parvez (age 20) and Abdul Razzaq alias Chotu (age 33) and were booked under section 120B of the Indian Penal Code and Sections 25 (1) (A) and 29 of Indian Arms Act. During interrogation the arrested youths informed police that they were following instructions of a person named Wasim inhabiting Tiljala in Kolkata who asked them to bring the said weapons from Garden Reach to Park Circus.

Who is Wasim? As stated by police, Wasim is involved with the trade of construction in Tijala and he was introduced to the arrested youths a few months back only. What confounds police now is the real identity of Wasim and also requirement of arms at this critical juncture of parliamentary election. Even if police has declined to reveal more, it has been learnt that an official investigation has been initiated to find out Wasim shortly. Without doubt, the development has troubled police and administration; it is being conjectured that the other motorbike was also having an equal cache of firearms and other weapons.         

On April 6, a team of CID’s Special Branch, led by Syed Waqar Reza – Superintendent of CID, arrested Zahar Ahmed (age 50) along with a cache of weapons from Howrah Station. Zahar Ahmed is involved in the trade of smuggling arms and ammunitions for long and on the same day, he was all set to board Howrah-Malda Intercity Express at 3.15 pm from Howrah Station to go to Malda. Police had this information thanks to private sources and hence, it became easy for them to arrest Zahar red-handed. Zahar Ahmed, in accordance with police, lives in Kaliachak in the district of Malda and he was instructed to take the lethal weapons from Chitpur in Kolkata to Malda. The weapons recovered from him include thirteen 9 mm and two 7.5 mm pistols. This cache had been sent to Kolkata from Munger in Bihar and dealers reached the metropolis through Jamalpur Express.

The two successes have unnerved the state administration.



Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.


Sunday, April 6, 2014

Fresh spate of murderous assaults on Hindus in Shantipur, Nadia

Is Shantipur turning into a fiefdom of radical Muslims?

On April 2, five Hindu youths inhabiting Jamadarpara placed in Shantipur Municipality and also within the Shantipur police station’s jurisdiction in the district of Nadia became victims of wanton cruelties of radical Muslim hooligans and they are still being warned of dire consequences. It has come to knowledge, the five Hindu youths namely Khudiram Kundu, Uday Biswas, Siddheswar Kundu, Joydeb Kundu and Mahadeb Tarafdar were busy in cultivating their own agricultural lands (of onions) while at 1.30 pm a dreaded gang comprising Hasan Sheikh (son of Kangali Sheikh), Abu Mandal and two others approached and also asked them to cede their lands to local Muslims. They also said that the same demand had been made earlier too and in case of any failure to this, Hindus would see the worst only. The threat was brushed aside by the youths. Islamists left the place for the time being.

The bunch of criminals returned after almost 30 minutes and at once, bombs were hurled on Hindus. They fired two rounds as well and left the place afterward while warning youths of dire consequences soon.  The assault proved to be enough to panic local Hindus. Furthermore, the presence of Abu Mandal, alleged to murder a local resident named Jagadish Biswas in 2013, intensified the terror. Despite being a notorious criminal, according to locals, Abu Mandal is the local administration’s confidant and this bonhomie has saved him from detention as regards the murder. Even if Khudiram Kundu and his four daring friends have been visiting the agricultural lands regularly, their kinsmen decided to inform the local police station. They had hoped of assistance from the administration but its insensate acts have dejected them altogether. Albeit Islamists threatened Hindu youths and also attacked them with lethal weapons, police has termed the entire event as common and has registered a General Diary (GE – 70/14 dated 02.04.2014). Hardly any hope of Hindus is left on local police and administration.   

Is this lackadaisical stance of police desirable? If locals are listened to, they disapprove this unanimously. But police enjoying political patronage gives a damn to these anguishes of Hindus. The nasty experience of teachers including Krishna Kanta Ray of Malancha High School, in this context, is worth mentioning. On February 14, Krishna Kanta Ray was targeted by Islamists in strength for allegedly insulting Islam and accordingly, all Hindu teachers of the school were beaten hollow. Local administration had a tough time to rescue all of them and now, scared stiff teachers are found to retain a silence of the incident. Again, desecration of local Hindu temples by radical Muslims has become common in Shantipur. On November 2, 2012, at 11.30 pm, a few unidentified Islamists defiled the Radha Krishna temple in the residence of Satish Sarkar living in village of Rajputpara within the same police station’s jurisdiction. Not only four holy deities in the temple were defiled, broken into pieces but their heads were also chopped off. The 700-year old Shyamchand Temple in Shantipur suffered the same fate almost but the interlocking system foiled Islamists’ attempts ultimately. Locals confirm that it was the fourth attempt of burglary (in a row) to despoil the hallowed Hindu place of worship. No one has been arrested in these cases yet, even if years have passed.   

When will administration wake up to subdue these nefarious events? Will this tract known as religious bastion of Hindus in Bengal for centuries be equivalent to their mass crematorium? These questions reflecting Hindu anguishes prevail Shantipur now.




Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.






Saturday, April 5, 2014

Trinamool Congress’ pro-Islamist stance makes it vanguard of secularism

Whilst the Lok Sabha election is round the corner and electoral propaganda and counter-propaganda are in high spirits, Islamists have hit the jackpot once more with the chance (or premeditated?) meeting of Sonia Gandhi with Syed Ahmed Bukhari, Shahi Imam of Jama Masjid. The fallout has also been impressive as the venerated Muslim leader in India has come out with several Islamic clerics to support Congress and better its prospects among Muslims in the country – perhaps the most brazen paradigm of religious polarization in the country ever since 1947. Well, Congress is not alone; Shahi Imam has also asked Muslims to vote for Trinamool Congress in Bengal and the Rashtriya Janata Dal in Bihar en masse. Both of these parties have been deemed as best custodians of Muslim interest in the country. The annunciation fails to amaze anyone as scores of factors have helped the reigning Trinamool Congress in Bengal to earn this grandiloquent certificate.  

Ever since the ascension of Trinamool Congress-led governance in the state, Hindu persecutions have risen by leaps and bounds and in almost all cases, the administration has been found to side against the Hindu victims. Be it the gruesome incidents at Taranagar and Rupnagar villages in 2012 where Hindu residences were burnt down exploiting the murder of a Muslim individual or the inhuman tortures on Hindus in the village of Naliakhali at Canning 2013 by irate Muslim mobs or the gang-rape and murder of a Hindu college student by Muslim ruffians at Kamduni near Barasat, the administration has always been found as an indifferent bystander and ever ready to hush up any accusations against radical Muslims, hell-bent to harm Hindus anyhow. The malice is no more limited to any part of the state but has spread everywhere making Bengal reach a period of uncertainty when a single detonation of religious passion is enough to despoil the basis of religious coexistence and also harmony. The incendiary rhetoric of Islamists found against Hindus every so often is also overlooked by the administration for its own benefit.

Besides, lots of reports revealed of late corroborate that the state has become the greatest storage of arms of Islamists. While Bardhaman have become its new storage, demography and proximity of the districts of 24 Paraganas (North and South) and Murshidabad to the India-Bangladesh international border have made these places ideal refuges to stockpile illegal arms and also to operatives of banned radical Muslim outfits including IM (Indian Mujahideen) and SIMI (Students Islamic Movement of India). If truth be told, the whole of Jammat-e-Islami leadership of Bangladesh took refuge in Bengal due to recent upheaval at Shahbag Dhaka demanding capital punishment of Abdul Quader Mullah, prime accused in crimes against humanity during the war of liberation of Bangladesh in 1971. It has been learnt, Hasnabad within Basirhat subdivision in North 24 Paraganas district happens to be their refuge and Muslim refugees from India to Bangladesh act as their vanguards.

And even if Trinamool had missed the blessing of Shahi Imam, it had nothing to worry as Maulana Nurur Rahman Barkati, Shahi Imam of the Tipu Sultan Masjid in Kolkata, never looses words to eulogize Mamata Banerjee’s role in retaining the chastity of secularism or defending Islamists’ interests in every capacity. While talking to the press and media of late, he stated in public, “Mamata is born from the womb of secularism and so I support her. I have told her to speak against fascist forces, and she is doing it."





Hindu Samhati regularly monitors and reports violations against Hindus in West Bengal. We also work with both governmental and NGO agencies for proper education on protection and ensure remedies to the Hindu populace as per prevailing law of the land.